Yeast infections are very common and 3 in 4 women will experience at least one yeast infection during their lifetime. Yeast infections can also occur during your period.
- Red swollen vagina and labia (lips)
- Severe itch in the vulva area
- Vaginal discharge is thick, white, curd-like, or looks like ‘cottage-cheese’
- Pain passing urine (dysuria)
- Pain during sex (dyspareunia)
- Irritation and pain around surrounding affected area
- Thickening and swelling of affected skin due to recurrent scratching
Vaginal discharge when infected with a yeast infection looks like cottage cheese.
During pregnancy, candida infection is more common. This is due to changes in hormone levels such as oestrogen.
- Weak immune system
Such as those living with AIDS, poorly controlled diabetes mellitus and receiving chemotherapy. This is due to the inability of the body’s immune system to effectively control the spread of the candida fungus.
- Antibiotics usage
Antibiotics are not effective against yeast infections and they can also kill good bacteria normally found in the vagina. Once this happens there is less competition facing other infections, such as candida, which means they can flourish.
The link between personal hygiene, tight fitting undergarments and candidiasis remains controversial. However, good personal hygiene is always a good defence against infections. Sexual activity is not related to yeast infections as infections often occur without having sex.
Research has shown that infection with T.vaginalis increases the risk of HIV transmission in both men and women. Not only does untreated Trichomoniasis increases your risk of HIV, it also increases susceptibility to other STIs and is strongly associated with co-infection with other STI.
Untreated Trichomoniasis is linked with adverse pregnancy outcomes, infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), postoperative infections and cervical tumour.
Treatment will consist of taking a course of antibiotics, usually metronidazole, which can be prescribed by your doctor.
As trichomoniasis is associated with an increased incidence of co-infection with other STI and increases the risk for HIV, patients should also be tested for other STIs and HIV.
If you or someone you know have symptoms suggestive of trichomoniasis or any other STD, check in with your doctor to get the appropriate treatment and care.
You may be interested in:
- Fertility Screening for Couples
- Jenni Rempel’s Endometriosis Story – Surgery Fundraiser
- Endometriosis: Everything You Need To Know
- Super Foods To Eat During Your Pregnancy
- Foods to Avoid During Pregnancy
- First Period After Pregnancy
- Vaginal Bleeding & Spotting in Early Pregnancy
- Yeast Infection aka Candidiasis
- Trichomoniasis aka “Trich”
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)