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The Uterus

Let’s learn about our bodies!

parts of the uterus

The uterus, also known as the womb, is where a baby grows.
 
Located in your lower abdomen, the uterus is about the size of your fist and is connected to many other reproductive parts.
 
By the end of this post, you will be able to identify the parts of the uterus and what they each do.

Parts of the Uterus
In this section, we will explore the parts of the uterus and the parts connected to it. We’ll start from the bottom at the cervix and work our way up from there.

Cervix
The cervix is like the neck of the uterus. It is the lowermost portion of the uterus that connects with the vagina.

 

Uterus
The uterus is where a lining develops and sheds every cycle.
 
It is located in your lower abdomen region or below your tummy and about the size of your fist. When a woman is pregnant, the uterus becomes much bigger as it grows to support a developing fetus.

 

Endometrium
Located inside the uterus, the endometrium is a layer that lines the uterus. The endometrium is where the endometrial lining develops and sheds every cycle.

 

Myometrium
The myometrium (not labeled in the diagram), is a layer of smooth muscle that lines the uterus and lies under the endometrium. These are the muscles that contract to push out your period and the muscles that cramp up during your period.

 

Fallopian Tubes
The fallopian tubes, also known as the oviducts, are tubes that lead from the uterus towards the ovaries. The fallopian tubes carries the ovum from the ovaries towards the uterus.

 

Ovaries
The ovaries is the organ that produces ova. The ovaries also produce most of the sex hormones that drive our menstrual cycle.

 

Ovum
Produced by the ovaries, an ovum or egg is released every cycle by the ovaries and sometimes more than one is released. If fertilized, the ovum will develop into a baby.
 
Since we have two ovaries, a common question is “Do our ovaries take turns releasing ova?” We’re not exactly sure how the body decides which ovary releases an ovum but we know that the ovaries do not take turns releasing ova. For now, it looks like it is random.

 

Those are all the parts of the uterus! If you have any questions, post a comment below.

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About Dedy Wong

Dedy is the founder of The Period Blog and creator of The Little Red Kit. Her period is around 30 days long and likes to use pads and tampons -although she has tried just about everything including menstrual cups and period subscription boxes!

3 comments

  1. Is the uterus a place where the blood can get blocked during our periods if there’s anything wrong happening and we can get pregnant

  2. So if you were to have non-stop periods (I know you wouldn’t but lets just say you would), would you have no uterus anymore because it all shed off?
    @_@

    • Hi Nadia,

      Your period is the endometrial lining that sheds off. This lining grows on top of your endometrium (a layer in your uterus). So when you shed, you are shedding the lining which grows back after it sheds off. So even if you were to have a really weird period that lasted 3 weeks (very uncommon.. if this were to happen you should see your doctor), you are not shedding your uterus so you will still have a uterus :).

      Your friend,
      -Dedy
      The Period Blog

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